The Marshmallow Recipe (kind of)

As you know, I am a big fan of marshmallows.  I love them.  I love them a lot.

Last winter, Schnookie and Pookie published this marshmallow recipe from the Culinary Institute of America “Baking and Pastry” cookbook on their food blog.  I was too disheveled last year to make them myself, but for an entire year they were on the top of my “to make” recipe list.

Trouble is, I didn’t understand the measurements in the recipe.  I have an admission to make: I do not understand measurement conversions.  I think I must have killed the “conversion” portion of my brain with vodka sodas, because I’m not sure if I could convert ounces to cups if my VERY LIFE depended on my ability to do so.  Like, if Tim Connolly held a gun to my head and said “Tell me how many tablespoons are in this bottle of Zima, or you’re going to die,” I’d probably just have to let him shoot me. Unless I can measure the ingredients with my measuring cups or my normal little measuring spoons, I AVOID THE RECIPE AT ALL COSTS.

The ingredients in the original recipe are measured by weight, and since my bathroom scale does not seem to register ounces, I had no idea what to do.  I decided my best course of action was to whine to Schnookie, which turned out to be a great move, because in her enthusiasm for homemade marshmallows she almost immediately sat down and rewrote the recipe so that it was not only written in measurements that I could understand, but she also HALVED the recipe (which was important because apparently the original recipe makes forty million marshmallows).  Schnookie is the best, no?

So, I followed the recipe exactly.  I’d never worked with a candy thermometer before, so was a little nervous about the temperatures, but the process just wasn’t that difficult, and at the end, everything seemed to have gone as planned.  After I made the marshmallows, I had to let them “set” for a few hours (there is gelatin involved).  This is where the trouble began.  After about four hours it did not seem like my marshmallows were going to stiffen enough.  I was disappointed, but I just figured I hadn’t been exact enough with the temperature, or I hadn’t accurately guessed what constitutes a “medium peak” in marshmallow fluff during the whipping process.  “Oh well,” I thought.

It was during this time of “I guess I effed up the marshmallows,” that Schnookie emailed me to explain that she had made a terrible miscalculation in the measurements.  Sound the alarm bells!  She had halved all the ingredients EXCEPT for the water.  Instead of using one cup of water, she had instructed me to use TWO.  This mistake seemed like a good explanation for why my marshmallows had failed to stiffen.  We had a good laugh, I promised to try the marshmallows again the next day, and we chalked the whole thing up to experience.  Because I’m lazy, I left the failed pan of marshmallows on the counter overnight, which the intention of throwing them out the next day.

WELL (could this story about marshmallows be any longer, by the way?), I woke up the next day, and they had TOTALLY stiffened overnight (that’s what she said).  I had marshmallows!  Not only did I have marshmallows, but I had totally PERFECT marshmallows.  Fluffy, delicious, and all around FAB.

This lead to a lot of emailing along the lines of, “WHAAA?  How did they WORK when you used an extra CUP of water?  Are marshmallows some kind of miracle “no fail” substance?  What is UO with marshmallow chemistry?!”  I enjoyed the marshmallows, treated my friends to extra special cups of cocoa, and everyone was happy.

Everyone was happy, that is, UNTIL I tried to make another batch of marshmallows.  That was decidedly UNhappy.  At this point I figured that it was literally impossible to screw up marshmallows.  I thought that if you add some combination of the ingredients, and heat them up and then whip them for awhile, eventually you’d have perfect marshmallows.  It was with this new carefree marshmallow attitude that I set about to make the marshmallows with the correct amount of water.

From the get-go I knew my second batch was doomed.  The pre-whipped marshmallow gunk was too thick.  When I put it into the mixer it went directly from liquid to taffy.  The first batch had gotten increasingly fluffy and voluminous in the mixer, the second batch just got stickier.  There was way LESS of the goo when I poured the second batch into the pan to set, and after twelve hours sitting on the counter, the texture was just ALL wrong.  They were…..chewy.

I’m sure you can see where this is going.  Last night I made a third batch, using the INCORRECT amount of water, and today I have perfect marshmallows.  People, I don’t know what to tell you.  Schnookie, who I know to be a great cook, has been making these marshmallows for years, and she claims the recipe is good.  I figure one of three things is going on here:

1. Schnookie and Pookie don’t know the difference between “marshmallows” and “taffy”. (unlikely)
2. There is some sort of dramatic altitude difference between Princton, NJ and Buffalo, NY.  Altitude can make cooking wonky, right?  Princton must be on a mountain range.
3. Something went wrong in the halving of the recipe and the conversion of the ingredients from weight to volume, and Schnookie’s original “mistake” was not really a mistake at all.

Anyhoo, a lot of you have asked for the marshmallow recipe.  I want you to have it, because I want you to have homemade marshmallows, but I don’t know what to tell you about the water.  I have had great success with an error in my measurements (and not just an error, a MAJOR error).  Schnookie has had great success with the original recipe.

It’s a Marshmallow Mystery!  (I should call the Pommerdoodle Detective Agency and put them on the case.)

So, without further ado (and honestly this post HAS to constitute the most ado in the history of marshmallows) I present to you the marshmallow recipe with the allegedly correct measurements.  If you make these, please let me know how much water you used and how they turned out.   All in all, I think this it’s extremely easy to make marshmallows.

The Marshmallow Recipe (kind of):

As written by Schnookie with notes by Katebits.

First step: Line whatever pan you’re using with parchment paper, or oil the pan liberally with cooking spray.  I also try to dust the parchment with confectioner’s sugar, and today even mixed some cornstarch in.  The fact is, it’s REALLY hard to un-mold these things, so worst case-scenario is that you’ll have to eat mangled chunks of marshmallow that you’ve wrestled or scraped out of the pan.  They will still be delicious, though, so whatevs, right?  [Katebits: Schnookie uses a big baking pan for the marshmallows, but I don’t have one of those with a deep enough lip, so I just used a normal glass cake pan lined with parchment paper]

Okay, that done, you’re going to need:

–1/2 cup of cold water [Katebits: I use a FULL cup of water here]
–2 1/2 quarter-ounce packets of gelatin (they come in boxes of packets, each packet is 1/4 oz.  You can TOTALLY eyeball the half-packet, but the whole recipe calls for five of them.  Sorry.)
— 1 1/2 tsp. vanilla extract

Bloom the gelatin in the cold water in a microwave safe bowl.  Just sprinkle the powder over the water and let it stand for about five or ten minutes, or while you work on the other steps.  It’ll get awesome and spongy.


–1/2 cup of cold water [Katebits: Again, I use a FULL cup of water.]
–3/4 cup of corn syrup
–3/4 cup of honey
–1 1/2 cups of granulated sugar

Combine these four ingredients in a deep saucepan, and stir enough to ensure all the sugar is moistened.  Bring to a boil over high heat, stirring to dissolve the sugar.  When it comes to a boil, stop stirring.  (When it comes to a rapid boil, it will foam up, which is why you want a deep saucepan.  Don’t worry — it’ll settle back down again.)  Let it boil, undisturbed, until it registered 252 degrees F (122 C).  Remove it from the heat and cool it to approximately 210 F (this can be pretty imprecise, but I think the gist is you want it to not be going straight into your mixing bowl scorching hot.)

While the sugar mixture is cooling, microwave the gelatin for about 45 seconds to a minute to melt it.  Stir in 1 1/2 teaspoons of vanilla extract.

Pour the cooled sugar mixture into the bowl of a stand mixer (with the whip attachment) and add the gelatin.  (You can use a hand mixer for this, but it’s going to take a while.)  Then whip the mixture on high speed until medium peaks form.  (When I make the full recipe, this takes well over five minutes, but will probably go faster when you have less of the stuff.)

Spread the mixture into your prepared pan.

Let everything set for a few hours (I’ve let them sit as long as two days, which may be why they don’t ever want to come out of the pan), then turn onto a work surface liberally dusted with cornstarch or confectioner’s sugar.  Cut the marshmallows with a sharp knife or scissors into your desired shapes.  [Scissors have worked swimmingly for me.] We then dredge the marshmallows in confectioner’s sugar (the recipe says to use cornstarch, but who wants cornstarch in their cocoa?) on all the sticky sides and then knock the excess sugar off.

These can be stored in airtight containers for about a week (they start to get gooey after that long), and I recommend putting them in layers with wax or parchment paper between each layer. [Katebits: These did not last a week in my house.  Try three days.  Tops.]


Good luck


22 Responses to “The Marshmallow Recipe (kind of)”

  1. 1 Caroline December 16, 2008 at 6:50 pm

    I’ve been having the knack to bake since it’s the holidays, I just baked some Mexican Wedding cookies earlier, and I’ve been dying to make marshmallows! I’ll let you know how it turns out.

  2. 2 ReigningFrog December 16, 2008 at 7:41 pm

    As much as I want to try homemade marshmallows, cooking things that require a thermometer is WAY overwhelming and therefore on my “I refuse” list. Can you just make some for S.C.?

  3. 3 Katebits December 16, 2008 at 7:45 pm

    You got it, Christina. I was surprised to discover that the thermometer wasn’t that big a deal, but yeah, it’s definitely REFUSE worthy if you’ve never used one before.

    Oh, and Caroline, make sure you have a candy thermometer (I got one at Wegmans for $5). Apparently trying to cook candy with a meat thermometer is the kiss of death.

  4. 4 Shari December 16, 2008 at 8:04 pm

    Candy thermometers have always intimidated me. Silly me.
    Anyway, thanks so much for posting the recipe!
    I just made chocolate covered peanut butter balls, very dangerous! Now we need a recipe for Shhweaty balls. Good times.

  5. 6 danielleia December 16, 2008 at 10:27 pm

    I have an admission to make: I do not understand measurement conversions.

    Amen. I lost everything I learned in Purchasing & Costing, yo. On the bright side, marshmallows are totally delicious!!!!

  6. 7 Schnookie December 16, 2008 at 10:33 pm

    I am SO excited that your marshmallows are so awesome! Life without homemade marshmallows is a life half-lived.

    Apparently trying to cook candy with a meat thermometer is the kiss of death.

    I went through three full marshmallow seasons making these bad boys with a meat thermometer! And, apparently, half as much water as I should. (I swear, I am way too much of a liberal arts person to even BEGIN to wrap my brain around this water issue. I’m wondering if the water in marshmallows is like the yeast in bread, that no matter whether your doubling or halving the recipe, you just keep that amount the same? This is so weird. Or maybe it’s just that you had a VERY stupid person figuring out how these weights turn into volumes for you? :P)

  7. 8 Pookie December 16, 2008 at 10:35 pm

    Congratulations on making beautiful and tasty marshmallows!

    I decided my best course of action was to whine to Schnookie, which turned out to be a great move

    Whining to Schnookie has solved so many problems in my life. Most notably the Friday after Thanksgiving a few years ago when I successfully whined that microwaving my own bowl of leftover potatoes was too kitchen-y for me. Heh.

  8. 9 JBo December 16, 2008 at 11:30 pm

    I’m not saying they don’t taste right, Katebits (cos I haven’t actually tasted your awesome cooking), but to me, they just don’t look right. I’m used to seeing marshmallows in those little cylindrical shapes. Hmm. Must be me. You’ll have to invite me over and prove me wrong one of these days, LOL.

  9. 10 Katebits December 17, 2008 at 12:23 am

    I’m wondering if the water in marshmallows is like the yeast in bread, that no matter whether your doubling or halving the recipe, you just keep that amount the same? This is so weird. Or maybe it’s just that you had a VERY stupid person figuring out how these weights turn into volumes for you? :P

    I….don’t get it either. I think it was just the Marshmallow Gods trying to confuse us. It’s best not to think too hard about it, I feel.

    I successfully whined that microwaving my own bowl of leftover potatoes was too kitchen-y for me.


  10. 11 Courtney December 17, 2008 at 12:54 am

    I want one of those marshmallows!!! What do they taste like? Do they taste at all like the marshmallows from the grocery store? Would they work for Rice Crispy Bars? They sort of look like they’d have the texture of Lucky Charms marshmallows which isn’t a bad thing in my opinion.

  11. 12 Grrrreg December 17, 2008 at 7:33 am

    Cups are as strange and mysterious to me as ounces. Metric system rules!

  12. 13 Matt December 17, 2008 at 3:35 pm

    I suspect that the weather differences between NJ and Buffalo may have a big impact on the marshmallows. In Buffalo this time of year it’s usually nice and cold already, making for very dry weather. Around here it’s been 40 degrees and raining for the last 3 weeks. I’m guessing the low humidity would leech the water out of them?

    Just a guess from a guy who’s idea of baking is bacon-wrapped chicken and cheese strudel. (Which are delicious, btw)

  13. 14 Schnookie December 17, 2008 at 10:35 pm

    What do they taste like? Do they taste at all like the marshmallows from the grocery store? Would they work for Rice Crispy Bars?

    I can’t speak for Katebits’s marshmallows (since they were made with TOO MUCH WATER :P), but my experiences with this recipe have yielded marshmallows that are almost impossibly rich. They’re more complex in their sweetness than grocery store marshmallows, and texturally far awesomer. They’re chewy but still a little gooey in solid form, and when they melt in hot chocolate they retain much more of their gooiness than the air-filled grocery store ones. They are, for the most part, a far superior product! (That said, I’ve made rice krispie treats with them and they were just too heavy and rich. Not a good idea.)

  14. 15 Sara December 18, 2008 at 10:49 am

    I was planning to make marshmallows last night anyway for an cookie-and-hot chocolate party I’m having, and I decided to give your recipe a try. (I’ve always wanted to try a CIA recipe, just so I could say I did!) Using two cups of water worked wonderfully for me, and now I have fresh marshmallows waiting for me on my kitchen counter. Very strange!

  15. 16 Katebits December 18, 2008 at 11:02 am

    WOOOOOOOOOO!! Sara, I’m so glad someone else tried them and that they worked! Aren’t they strange? And WONDERFUL?!

  16. 17 Valerie December 18, 2008 at 12:09 pm

    Do you think the recipe would work with maple syrup instead of corn syrup? I’m going to have to give this a try. Thanks for posting it.

    The Sens are beyond craptastic but at least we have the temporary distraction of the World Juniors starting next week. We (I) will be in hockey over-dose mode (14 games in 10 days PLUS volunteering!!). I will need marshmallows for extra sustenance.

  17. 18 Katebits December 18, 2008 at 6:20 pm

    Valerie, I think replacing the corn syrup with maple syrup is risky business, but Schnookie says that there are a ton of different marshmallow recipes out there, so if you wanted to try something a little less corn syrup-y a google search would probably yield good results. Let me know if you end up making them. I can assure you, they make EXCELLENT sustenance. I’ve basically been living off of marshmallows for the last week, and I’m still alive. :D

  18. 19 Casey December 22, 2008 at 9:55 pm

    Hi, I just found your blog when I searched for marshmallow recipes. I was intrigued by your water dilemma so I looked at Schnookie’s original recipe. She used 16 oz of water, which is 2 cups. There are 8 ounces in a cup, so 1 cup is the correct amount of water for you to use! Schnookie was wrong when she told you 1/2 cup of water. I’m off to make this recipe tonight!

  19. 20 Casey December 22, 2008 at 10:22 pm

    Just kidding. I didn’t read the recipe closely enough to see that you divide the water in half in the recipe- 1/2 with gelatin and 1/2 with the sugar. So, 1/2 cup with each would be right. Still a mystery. :)

  20. 21 Katebits December 23, 2008 at 7:04 pm

    Hee! Well, thanks for chiming in Casey! If you make the recipe, please let us know how it turns out! (And how much water you used.)

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